- Individualised plan of exercises to improve flexibility, strength…etc
- Guidance on proper posture and body mechanics
- Guidance on proper use of assistive devices such as walkers and canes
- Recommendation on different treatment options
Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints. It can affect one joint or multiple joints. There are more than 100 different types of arthritis, with different causes and treatment methods. Two of the most common types are osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Common arthritis joint symptoms include swelling, pain, stiffness and decreased range of motion. Symptoms may come and go. They can be mild, moderate or severe. They may stay about the same for years, but may progress or get worse over time. Severe arthritis can result in chronic pain, inability to do daily activities and make it difficult to walk or climb stairs. Arthritis can cause permanent joint changes. These changes may be visible, such as knobby finger joints, but often the damage can only be seen on X-ray.
As arthritis causes degenerative changes of the joint, there is no cure or reverse of the joint to the previous status. However, most of symptoms (e.g. pain, swelling, stiffness, weakness) can be reduced with proper treatment including physiotherapy. Hence, the goals of physiotherapy in arthritis are to improve the mobility and restore the use of affected joints, increase strength to support the joints, and maintain fitness and the ability to perform daily activities.